Sustainable Development Goal number 5 wants to achieve gender equality and the empowerment (greater strength, self-esteem and awareness) of all women and girls.

Worldwide, women represent 39% of the workforce, but hold only 27% of managerial positions. In Italy, there has been a significant improvement recorded from 2010 to 2017, thanks to the increase in the share of women in the decision-making bodies and boards of directors of listed companies, but the EU average is still a long way off.

Among the various targets of this Objective, there are some dedicated to the Gender Pay Gap and to making sure that women have full and effective participation, as well as  equal leadership opportunities at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life (5.4 and 5.5) .

The ASviS 2019 Report highlights a significant improvement in Italy with regards to the Goal 5 between 2010 and 2017. After the decline in 2016, this indicator has started to grow again, thanks to the increase in the share of women in the decision-making bodies and in the administration of listed companies. At the territorial level, the situation improves in the majority of Italian regions, especially in Central Italy. However, strong territorial differences remain between the North and South of the country, in particular with the share of women elected to the Regional Council and the relationship between the employment rates of women with children in preschool and women without children. 

Others targets of this Goal emphasize the importance of eliminating all forms of violence against all women, girls and boys in the public and private spheres, including trafficking for prostitution, sexual exploitation and other types of exploitation.