GOAL 06 – CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION
The Sustainable Development Goal number 6 wants to ensure the availability and the sustainable management of water and sanitation facilities for everyone
Worldwide, 785 million people do not have access to drinking water, in fact the first target of this goal is to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water by 2030.
The UN resolution on water recalls that “drinking and hygienic water, in addition to being a right of every man, concerns the dignity of the person, is essential to the full enjoyment of life, and is fundamental for all other human rights “. For this reason, accessibility to water must be guaranteed for each individual.
The coronavirus crisis has underlined the critical importance of water, sanitation and hygiene to protect human health. Water is essential not only for health, but also for the reduction of poverty, food security, peace, human rights, ecosystems and education.
However, countries face growing challenges related to water scarcity, water pollution, degraded water-related ecosystems and cooperation on transboundary water basins. Furthermore, funding gaps and weak governance systems hold back many countries from making the necessary progress. Unless there is clear progress in the coming years, the Objective 6 targets will not be achieved by 2030.